Phonics & Early Reading

Phonics Teaching

 We teach reading through phonics and use a programme called Read, Write Inc. It aims to create fluent readers, confident speakers and willing writers. When children begin to learn phonics the sounds are split into 3 sets. Each sound has a rhyme to help the children remember them. 

Tips For Home Reading and Phonics
Sounding Out

This is how we encourage children to start to read once they have learnt some of the phonics sounds above. It involves saying the sounds they can see in a word before trying to blend them together.

For example:

c-a-t  for cat

sh-i-p for ship

Red Words 

Red Words are also known as common exception or tricky words. They occur in stories regularly and can't be sounded out using the sounds the children know. Attched below there is a list of red words. 


Re-Reading the same books 

Children love reading the same book again and again. Their reading fluency becomes speedier and they understand what they are reading. 

  • Encourage your child to read words using ‘Fred in your head’ (see glossary)
  • Show your child how to read the story in a storyteller voice
  • Share your enjoyment of the story when they read it again and again.
Picture Books 

One of the most important things you can do as a parent at home is read to your child. Loving stories is important because children who love stories want to read stories for themselves. Children who read a lot become better readers and have a wider vocabulary. 


Developing Language

 Children will have a large vocabulary if they are part of a ‘talk-a-lot’ family:

  • Use every opportunity to talk with your child throughout the day – meal times, bath time, in the car or on the walk to school. 
  • Use new and ambitious vocabulary e.g. miserable instead of sad, stroll instead of walk
  • Speak to your child in complete sentences
Reading Scheme
Our reading scheme books are organised in to the colour bands detailed below. The front cover of the books have a coloured sticker to indicate the band. Each book has been specifically put at that band judging by the phonics sounds it contains. 

Colour band

Expected Year







Year 1


Year 1


Year 1

Year 2


Year 2


Year 2


(free reader)



Year 2




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